Lifestyle Influences the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


  • Agung Sutriyawan
  • Fibrianti



Type 2 diabetes mellitus, physical activity, diet, smoking behavior, obesity


Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Indonesia in 2013 by 2.1% increased from 2007 which was
only 1.1% and DKI Jakarta was above the national average prevalence of 3.0%.
Objectives: Assess the influence of lifestyle (physical activity, diet, smoking behavior, and obesity) on the
incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Method: This is a quantitative study with case control design. The case population in this study was all patients
with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the controls were all parien who did not have diabetes mellitus. The size of
the sample is calculated by using a large rusmus hypothesis test sample of 2 proportions. The minimum sample
count for cases was 162 cases and 162 controls, the total sample was 324 respondents. The statistical test used
is the Chi Square test.
Results: The results showed that the proportion of respondents aged ? 40 years (68.8%), female (49.4%), poorly
educated (23.5%), there was a history of diabetes mellitus (41.4%), less physical activity (59.0%), unbalanced
diet (53.7%), smoking (31.2%) and obesity (41.0%). The results of bivariate analysis showed that the variables
that affect the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus were physical activity (p=0000, OR=4,914), diet (p=0.001,
OR=2.125), and obesity (p=0000, OR=2,622). While smoking behavior has no effect on the incidence of type 2
diabetes mellitus.
Conclusion: Lifestyles that affect the incidence of Type 2 DM are lack of physical activity, unbalanced diet, and
obesity. Smoking cannot be proven.

Author Biographies

Agung Sutriyawan

Bachelor Programme Public Health, Bhakti Kencana University


Midwifery Study Program,Hamzar Institute of Health Science